Iran has a wide range of temperature fluctuations in different places, and having several climatic zones allows the cultivation of various types of products, including cereals (wheat, barley, rice and corn), fruits, vegetables, cotton, sugar beets, and sugarcane. and has prepared… Quality and tasty vegetables are produced in Iran throughout the year. More than 2000 plant species grow in the soil of Iran. Only 100 of them are used in the pharmaceutical industry. According to the report of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Iran is among the top 7 countries in the world in the production of 22 important agricultural products: the first rank in pistachio production, the second rank in date production and the fourth rank in apple production worldwide.
It is a vegetable with large thick green or purple leaves that have different shapes and grow in a round shape
he does. Glossy leaves without scratches indicate its quality. This vegetable grows in a cold climate with high humidity and frost tolerance. The best growing temperature for this vegetable is between +1 and +3 degrees Celsius.
This plant is fast growing, tall and has crisp leaves and a hard core in the center. It has a great taste and is often used in salads. In addition, it is resistant to heat, but after harvesting, it lasts for a while. The temperature between 0 and +2 degrees Celsius is suitable for keeping lettuce.
Cucumber is a vegetable with dark green skin and crispy flesh. Types of cucumbers can be divided into 4 types: (1) Cut cucumbers (or assembly cucumbers). (2) Cucumbers for salted and pickled cucumbers, (3) Cucumbers, (4) Cucumbers that take up a lot of space.
It is soft, round and red. Tomatoes are consumed in different ways, raw and cooked. In terms of horticultural science, tomato is classified as a vegetable because it does not have a core. They are usually used as a vegetable ingredient or side dish. Different types of tomato plant are widely grown in temperate regions around the world and greenhouses make it possible to produce tomatoes in all seasons of the year. Tomato plants typically grow to 1-3 meters (3-10 feet) in height. The ideal temperature for tomatoes is between 10 and 14 degrees Celsius.
Onions are cultivated all over the world, especially in fertile soils. Iran is one of the top five onion producers in the world. As a food item, onions are usually cooked as a vegetable or part of a condiment, but they can also be eaten raw or used to make pickles. Onion is one of the most important and famous vegetables around the world with different types.
Zucchini is a summer plant that can grow to about 1 meter but is usually harvested when it is still immature at about 15-25 cm and is kept in dark or green light. A hybrid hybrid, Golden Zucchini, is a deep yellow or orange color and is easy to grow in temperate climates. The storage temperature for the spring type is +0 to +4 degrees Celsius and the autumn temperature is +9 to +12 degrees Celsius.
Potato is a starchy product that has brown, yellow skin and white flesh. Potatoes are consumed as vegetables and are usually planted in temperate regions. For culinary purposes, they often have different varieties: French fries have more starch (22-22%) than baked potatoes (16-18%). It is very important that the storage area is dark and well ventilated and that it is kept at 4°C for long term storage. For short-term storage, a temperature of about 7 to 10 degrees Celsius is recommended.
It is a root vegetable that is usually orange in color, although there are purple, black, red, white, and yellow varieties. Carrots are grown from seed and can take up to four months (120 days) to mature, but most cultivars mature in 70 to 80 days under the right conditions. This plant grows in full sun, but some varieties tolerate shade. The ideal temperature is 16 to 21 degrees Celsius. Carrots can be stored in the refrigerator for several months. For long-term storage, unwashed carrots can be placed in a bucket between layers of sand, a 50/50 mixture of sand and wood chips or soil. A temperature range of 0 to 5 degrees Celsius is the best temperature. Carrots can be eaten in many ways, raw, grated or chopped in salads and soups.
Cauliflower is a type of vegetable that is best used for flowering . it is low in fat and carbohydrates and fiber and contains vitamin B 9, water, and vitamin C is. Cauliflower contains several phytochemicals that are beneficial for human health. Sulforaphane is a compound that protects the body against cancer, Eating Cauliflower can reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family whose large flowering head is eaten as a vegetable. This vegetable grows in cold weather and is weak in hot and summer weather. Broccoli grows best when exposed to average daily temperatures between 18 and 23 degrees Celsius. This vegetable is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants.
Eggplant is a plant that originates from India, which is widely used in cooking in many different dishes and is often known as a vegetable. Like tomatoes, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but like potatoes, it is not recommended to eat it raw. In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be planted in the garden. Warm weather is favorable for the growth of eggplant, and when it grows in cold weather or in areas with low humidity, this plant withers or dies. Iran is one of the largest eggplant producers in the world.
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